HERITAGE HOP FIRST INTRODUCED IN KENT UK 1790 & NZ 1842
The fledgling NZ hop industry was started in Nelson in 1842, being relatively free of wind to which hops are susceptible. The first plantings were Green Bine (aka Fuggle), Bumford (aka Late Red Bine, Canterbury Golding, Old Golding), Colegate (aka Grape, Cluster) and Kent Golding.
According to Dr. Rudi Rodburgh, Bumford (Canterbury Golding) is botanically identical to Kent Golding but ripens a little later in the season.
"CANTERBURY (OLD) GOLDING (Synonyms - Bumford, Late Red Bine.) Bumford is a late-maturing variety of Golding hops of average yielding ability under Nelson conditions. Botanically it is one of the true English Goldings which is still grown in England."
Canterbury Golding was selected from Canterbury Whitebine seedlings around 1790.
It is referred to as half late regarding harvest and is the mother of the Golding line which includes; "Bramling", "Cobbs", "Early Bird", "East Kent", "Eastwell", "Mathon", "Petham" & "Rodmersham" all named after areas, harvest times or people. (for an article on how terroir affects hop flavour and harvest times click here)
Canterbury Golding is a good performer as far as yield and produces large loose cones but they can cause trouble during harvest if the cones have been allowed to become over ripe and dry on the vine for too long, so pick mid March at 22% dry matter.
Alpha Acid Composition 4%-6%
Beta Acid Composition 2%-3.5%
Co-Humulone Composition 20%-25%
Lupulin Color Yellow
Cone Size Medium
Cone Density Compact (Loose if over ripe)
Maturity: Mid-Late Season
Growth Rate: Moderate to Vigorous
Susceptibility to Disease and Pests: New Zealand is hop disease free.
Ease of Harvest: Good
Total Oil Composition 0.4-1 mls/100 grams
Myrcene Oil Composition 20%-35%
Humulene Oil Composition 35%-48%
Caryophyllene Oil Composition 12%-20%
Farnesene Oil Composition 0%-1%